A wetter climate, warmer water and the loss of vegetation in temperate ecosystems are among the threats to the country’s grassland, according to a new report.
The report by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives said climate change is creating more extreme conditions for grassland ecosystems, including more intense storms and drought, while water temperatures are rising, and more of Canada’s forests are being affected.
It said more than half of Canada is losing its grasslands and grassland habitats as a result of climate change.
In the coming decades, the report says, the country will experience more frequent and severe droughts, with the frequency of extreme drought increasing and the severity of the droughting increasing.
Rainforest is the largest natural resource in Canada and is home to one-quarter of Canada, with more than one-third of its surface area and the majority of its habitat.
Its main component, the boreal forest, is in the northwest, south and east of the country.
It is estimated that more than 3.3 million hectares of boreal forests are currently protected as part of a national forest plan, but the report said that in the coming years, the forest is expected to lose over half of that area.
While the report did not say what percentage of the land in the boreals could be protected, the Centre for Climate Change Research and Policy said it is likely to be at least a third of the entire boreal landscape by 2040.
“The loss of boreals will affect Canada’s food security, water quality, biodiversity and ecosystem services,” the report states.
The new report says a combination of climate impacts and changes in land use are driving climate change and the changing distribution of precipitation across the country, and that is changing the distribution of species, too.
The land that has lost most of its grassland is the most exposed to changes in precipitation.
It is also the least susceptible to changes to the climate that occur when the climate changes, said the report.
“Climate change is a major threat to biodiversity and habitat, and the impacts are likely to increase in the next century,” the authors of the report wrote.
“In the next five decades, land loss in the Canadian boreal will have a significant impact on the biodiversity of boreas, with an impact that will likely be greatest for boreas that have the greatest vulnerability to climate change.”
The report said changing patterns of rainfall are changing the composition of the soil and soil organic matter, and soil salinity.
The change in salinity is changing how much moisture is absorbed by the soil.
“It’s not just about just the quantity of moisture, it’s about the quality of the nutrients in the soil,” said the Centre’s chief scientist, Michael Ritchie.
Ritchie said the changes in salinities are already happening.
“We see more drought-like conditions in some regions of Canada,” he said.
“More severe storms, which in the last 10 years, have been occurring more frequently in northern boreas.”
Ritchie noted that in some areas, the drought conditions have worsened in recent years.
“Soils that used to be a little bit more porous, which we call silty, they are now more porous,” he explained.
“And we have a lot of changes in water tables.”
According to the report, salinity has also increased in the arid western prairies.
“There’s more evaporation, and we have more evapo-water, and it’s affecting the soil structure,” Ritchie said.
The Centre for Agriculture and Agri-Food Development, an advocacy group that has been advocating for the protection of Canadian agriculture, has noted that while climate change has caused drought and climate change caused extreme rainfall, the changes are occurring in different ways.
“I think what’s interesting is that we have been seeing changes in soil salininity, the moisture in the soils, but also the water content, and I think it’s really been changing the properties of soils,” said Julie Stinson, a research scientist with the group.
“With climate change, the effects of evapotranspiration have gone up, and with climate change it’s going to get more intense and the water quality has gone down.”
In some areas of the boreas there has been a decline in the water table, the scientists noted, and this can lead to increased erosion and erosion of trees.
“When you have a change in soil structure and water table structure, you have more erosion and that can increase erosion rates and increase the likelihood of more severe dikes, more severe floods and more extreme weather events,” Stinson said.
Rainbow trout habitat is a concern, too, because they feed on fish such as salmon and steelhead, which are also affected by water changes.
“Rainbow Trout are already impacted by changes in the amount of moisture they’re getting from the water tables, and these changes will continue