Australia’s largest land mass, grassland, is experiencing the same changes that many other ecosystems are experiencing, according to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
In a new analysis, researchers from the University of Melbourne and University of New South Wales found that Australia’s grassland biome is undergoing a rapid change from a grassland to a forest-based ecosystem, and that the changes are occurring rapidly and rapidly.
In their new study, published in the journal Global Change Biology, the researchers compared the current state of grassland ecosystems across Australia with what was previously thought to be a state in which grasslands were mostly forested.
“It was thought that grasslands would continue to change as vegetation replaced forest and the amount of vegetation that we see is much higher than what is currently there,” Professor Ian Wright, from the Australian National University, said in a statement.
“But we found that over the past three decades the grasslands biome is now changing rapidly and is now undergoing a state that is largely forested, and this has had a very strong influence on the species richness, and the species diversity that we observe.”
The findings are of particular importance for the Australian environment, where this is an area of increasing vulnerability.
“The research, conducted by the University’s Faculty of Earth Sciences and the University at Adelaide, shows that grassland habitat is changing in three main ways, with the first major change occurring in the past decade.
Professor Wright said the researchers have identified several key trends that are driving the changes.”
We’ve identified a number of changes that are related to climate change, that have occurred in recent decades and that are impacting on the habitat of some of the more vulnerable species that live there,” he said.”
One is the rise of the desertification of the grassland.
We’ve found that there’s a significant decrease in grasslands species richness over the last two decades, but we’re also seeing a shift in the composition of the landscape in areas that are now forests.
“A lot of these species are going to be affected by the changing landscape in these areas, because they’re already susceptible to climate-related impacts.”
Professor Wright added that climate change has been a major factor in altering the composition and habitat of Australia’s landscape.
“Over the last 20 to 30 years, the average temperature of Australia has increased, and now, over the next 20 to 25 years, there’s likely to be further increases in that,” he told the ABC.
“Climate change is having a significant impact on some of these ecosystems.
It is also impacting the species composition of these landscapes.”
Professor Peter Boon, a climate scientist at the University and a co-author of the study, said that it was important to remember that these are just the impacts of climate change.
“These are impacts that are occurring now, but they are also occurring in future,” he explained.
“If you look at grasslands and the rest of Australia in terms of the change that they’ve seen, the impacts that we’re seeing are actually very similar to those that we’ve seen in other places.”
The authors of the new study said that there is a lot of uncertainty around the future of the Australian grassland ecosystem, which is why it is so important to study the future.
“Australia is one of the last places on Earth where the natural climate system is still intact and stable,” Professor Wright said.
“In that context, it is vital that we understand the future, because it is a matter of life and death for Australia’s environment.”
This study shows that the future is really going to determine the extent of this change, but at the same time it is also important to understand the consequences of the changing nature of Australia, the changes that we are seeing.